Q 2: Which is the closest opinion to the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) regarding raising the hands and pronouncing “Amen” loudly during Salah (Prayer)? Is it that of the scholars of Hadith or that of
Al-Hanafiyyah (the followers of Imam Abu Hanifah's School of Jurisprudence)?
(Part No. 5; Page No. 304
Raising the hands in Salah is authentically reported from the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and it should be done in four positions only: Upon saying Takbirat-ul-Ihram (saying: ''Allahu Akbar [Allah is the Greatest]'' upon starting Prayer), upon Ruku‘ (bowing), upon raising from Ruku`, and upon standing from the first Tashahhud (a recitation in the sitting position in the second unit of Prayer) to offer the third Rak‘ah (unit of Prayer). So, a Muslim should act upon this Sunnah, following the example of the Prophet (peace be upon him) even if this disagrees with the juristic school which they support. A Muslim is enjoined to follow the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and take him as their ideal. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
“Offer Salah (Prayer) the way you have seen me offering Salah.”
If an Imam stated an opinion that contradicts the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him), he may be excused if the Hadith that elaborates on such an issue has not reached him. However, if one knows this Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him), he must act according to it and must not neglect it, because whatever is stated in the Qur’an and the Sunnah is the criterion. With regard to
saying “Amen” in Jahri Salah (Prayer recited out loud) after reciting:
...not (the way) of those who earned Your Anger (i.e. those who knew the Truth, but did not follow it) nor of those who went astray (i.e. those who did not follow the Truth out of ignorance and error).
, it was related by
Muslim on the authority of
Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:
“Say, ‘Amen’, when the Imam says, ‘Amen’, for if anyone’s utterance of ‘Amen’ coincides with that of the angels, they will be forgiven their past sins.”
Moreover, it is narrated by
Abu Dawud in his Sunan (Hadith compilations classified by jurisprudential themes) and Al-Tirmidhy in his book "Al-Jami‘ Al-Sahih" on the authority of
Wa’il ibn Hujr (may Allah be pleased (Part No. 5; Page No. 305) with him):
Whenever the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:
...nor of those who went astray.
He used to say "Amen" raising his voice with it.
Al-Hanafiyyah do not say "Amen" loudly in Jahri Salah, their opinion is of no value for the preceding Hadiths which represent evidence against them.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.